Kako podnijeti zahtjev za azil u Kostariki?

Below you will find information on how to apply for refugee status in Costa Rica, what are the steps to follow, documentation and what to do if the application is denied.

Keep in mind that refugee status is requested once you are in Costa Rican territory and that it is the Government, through the General Directorate of Migration and Immigration, that is responsible for analyzing the cases and determining who is recognized as a refugee.

Remember to click on each section for more information.

Kako podnijeti zahtjev za azil u Kostariki?

Steps to apply for refuge in Costa Rica

Zakazati sastanak

There are three ways to make this request:

a) When entering the country; at airports, ports or other border posts authorized for international entry.

b) Through a telephone call dialing the number 1311 (option 2 and then option 1).

c) Entering the Costa Rica Migration website in the menu “Appointments for Immigration Procedures” – “Refuge” – “Create Account” and continue with the steps indicated.

Complete the initial questionnaire

The day you have your appointment, you must complete a form with information about your personal data, the data of your relatives and a detailed description of why you were forced to leave your country. This information must be as detailed as possible indicating dates, places, events, among others.

When you submit this completed questionnaire, you will be informed of the date on which you must report to the Shelter Unit to be interviewed. They will also give you a list of requirements that you must present to continue with the process. These requirements must be presented on the day of the interview.


On the same day of your appointment, you will receive a provisional document that will accredit you as an applicant for refugee status. This document guarantees her regular stay in the country on a temporary basis while the authorities analyze her case. By carrying this document they cannot send her back to the country where her life is in danger. This document is free and will be granted to all people, including boys and girls, and their duty at all times is to carry it.

It is important to note that the refugee applicant who carries this document is not authorized to perform any paid work. However, after 90 days of having obtained this card as a refugee applicant, the person can apply for a work permit (maintaining their status as a refugee applicant), for which they must appear at the Refugee Unit to request a change of document.

You must make an appointment to apply for the work permit. You can do so by calling 1311 (option 2 and then option 1) or by going to the Migration website www.migracion.go.cr. With this documentation you will be able to carry out any type of work in a dependency relationship with an employer or work independently according to what is established by local laws.

Submit the requirements to complete your immigration file:

To proceed with the interview to assess your case, you must submit the following documentation:

Four recent passport size photographs.
Proof of fingerprinting from the police file. Click HERE to make your appointment.
Personal identification document (passport, identity document from your country, among others)*.
Birth certificate*.
Criminal record certificate from your country*.
Civil status certificate from your country of origin*.
*If you cannot present any of these documents, you can present a legal document called an “affidavit”, in which, under oath, you indicate the date of your birth, criminal record (or lack thereof) and marital status. HIAS and the La Salle Legal Clinic, partner agencies of UNHCR, can advise you on how to make this affidavit free of charge.

DECORATE: 800-4427271

La Salle Law Office: 8455-8166

5) Attend the interview:

You must appear for an interview at the Refuge Unit in San José or Upala depending on where you have your file and on the date indicated. The interview is one of the most important steps in the process and for this reason you should prepare for it.

All the information you share in the interview is kept confidential. In other words, the Refuge Unit will not share what he says in the interview with outsiders, nor with authorities from his country of origin or from the country where he was persecuted.

It is very important that in the interview you comment in a comprehensive and orderly manner on all the events that led you to leave your country. At the end of the interview he must sign a transcript of it to attest that he gave his account. Before signing, ask the interviewer to allow you to read the document in detail. If you consider that your story was transcribed incompletely or with an error, ask that it be corrected. You have the right to receive a copy of your interview transcript, and the interviewer is required to provide you with this document. You should keep this copy until you complete the refugee status application process.

Any person who is in Costa Rican territory and who has been forced to flee their country due to having a well-founded fear of persecution or of suffering serious violations of their human rights and due to those fears cannot or do not want to avail themselves of such protection

It is important to keep in mind that to apply for refugee status you must be in Costa Rica, you cannot apply for refugee status from abroad.

Once you have submitted all the required documentation and have attended an interview, the Refugee Unit staff will issue a recommendation on whether or not you meet the criteria to be recognized as a refugee. The Visa and Refugee Commission will analyze this recommendation and will issue a decision approving or denying this condition.

If you are recognized as a refugee, you must proceed to process your immigration identity document in the country. This document certifies the protection you have received from the Costa Rican government and you will enjoy all social, economic and cultural rights on equal terms with Costa Rican citizens. If your request is denied, you have the right to appeal this decision.

If the Visa and Refugee Commission denies your application for refugee status, you have the right to file a “revocation with subsidy appeal” within three business days. This is a document in which you will have to argue why you disagree with the negative resolution of the case.

UNHCR, through its partner agencies HIAS and La Salle Legal Clinic, can provide you with free legal guidance and advice on the presentation of revocation and appeal resources. You must bear in mind that you only have three business days to prepare and present the appeal , therefore it is important that you contact HIAS immediately after receiving the notification of the denial resolution. For this advice, you should ideally present a copy of the interview that they did in the Migration Refuge Unit when you started the process. If you do not have one, you should request a copy at the time you are notified of the denial.

If you receive a second denial notice from the Commission, the Refugee Unit will send your appeal to the Administrative Immigration Court (TAM), the body in charge of reviewing your appeal once again. In this case, you can request that you be granted an oral hearing to analyze your case. You must request this oral hearing at the Shelter Unit at the time you receive the second denial. The TAM will make a final decision on whether or not you are recognized as a refugee.

As an applicant for refugee status, the Law establishes that you are responsible for following up on the process, appearing periodically before the General Directorate of Immigration and Aliens (DGME) or before the Administrative Migratory Court (TAM), this with the objective of knowing the status of your application.

It must always be reachable and available to both the DGME and the TAM (depending on the case). This means that you are required to provide and update your phone number (home and cell) and provide a fax number to receive notifications, if you have one. You must report immediately if you change your phone number or address.

If you do not comply with this obligation and cannot be contacted to notify you of the resolution of your refugee status application, your file could be archived as a consequence. If this happens, you could miss the deadline to file appeals if your case is denied and you would be left with an irregular immigration status. I could deport you to your country.

The organizations are there to support you and provide you with advice in the process of applying for refugee status, but remember that it is your duty to be in contact and reachable. If your application for refugee status is definitively denied before the TAM, you should try to regularize your stay in the country through another migratory category, or return voluntarily to your country of origin. If it is not regularized, you can be deported.

Kako podnijeti zahtjev za azil u Kostariki?

Za informacije o azilu u costa rica možete posjetiti:

  • Kostarikanske informacije za izbjeglice i tražitelje azila - help.unhcr.org
  • Posjet radi upoznavanja sa zakonodavstvom, sudskom praksom i politikom UNHCR-a o zahtjevima za međunarodnu zaštitu- Refworld.

Je li Kostarika zemlja dobrodošlice za izbjeglice?

Kostarika ima dugu istoriju pružanja utočišta i zaštite izbjeglicama i tražiocima azila. Međutim, kao rezultat raseljenih situacija u regiji, posebno u Nikaragvi, njen nacionalni sistem azila je pod pritiskom.

Je li Kostarika zemlja dobrodošlice za izbjeglice?

Kostarika ima dugu istoriju pružanja utočišta i zaštite izbjeglicama i tražiocima azila. Međutim, kao rezultat raseljenih situacija u regiji, posebno u Nikaragvi, njen nacionalni sistem azila je pod pritiskom.

UNHCR je u Kostariki

Prema UNHCR -u, u Kostariku su 12,654. godine zaprimljena 2020 6,882 zahtjeva za izbjeglički azil. Većina ih je iz Nikaragve, Kube i Venecuele. Ukupno su donesene 50 prve odluke o prijavi. Oko polovine ispitanika odgovorilo je pozitivno. U prvom stepenu, XNUMX% zahtjeva za azil je odbijeno. Prijave izbjeglica iz Burundija i Nikaragve bile su najuspješnije.

Operacije UNHCR -a u Kostariki fokusirane su na raseljavanje uzrokovano situacijama na sjeveru Centralne Amerike, Nikaragvi i Venecueli. Kostarika će 121,983. ugostiti 2020 zabrinutih osoba, uključujući 9,613 izbjeglica i 89,770 tražitelja azila.

U zemlji je zabilježen značajan porast broja tražitelja azila, prvenstveno iz Nikaragve i Venecuele, od 2017.

UNHCR je proširio svoje poslovanje 2018. godine otvaranjem terenskog ureda u Upali, blizu granice sa Nikaragvom. Kao dio našeg rada, UNHCR pomaže kostarikanskoj vladi u odgovoru na priliv nikaragvanskih tražitelja azila.

UNHCR Kostarika takođe učestvuje u regionalnim multilateralnim platformama kao što je MIRPS kroz Nacionalno poglavlje Kostarike Sveobuhvatnog plana za izbjeglice (lokalno poznato kao MINARE) i R4V platformu, zajedničku platformu sa IOM -om za rješavanje situacije Venecuelanaca koji žive u Kostariki.

UNHCR Kostarika također sudjeluje u regionalnim multilateralnim platformama poput MIRPS -a kroz Nacionalno poglavlje Kostarike Sveobuhvatnog plana za izbjeglice (lokalno poznato kao MINARE) i platformu R4V, zajedničku platformu s IOM -om za odgovor na situaciju Venecuelanaca koji žive u Kostariki .